Quick Revision Study Materials Related to History

Indian History Timeline

2600-1700 Harappan urbanization: Mature and Late Harappan

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c. 1500-500 Composition and compilation of the Vedic corpus

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Neolithic and chalcolithic cultures in various parts of the subcontinent

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Megalithic burials, largely in the peninsula

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c. 1000 Availability of iron artefacts

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Use of iron artefacts gradually increases in range and number after the sixth century BC

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c. 6th century Urbanization in the Ganges Plain

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Formation of the earliest states

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The rise of Magadha

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Vardhamana Mahavira

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Gautama Buddha

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519 Cyrus, the Achaemenid Emperor of Persia, conquers parts of north-western India

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c. 493 Accession of Ajatashatru

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486 Death of the Buddha

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c. 362-321 Nanda dynasty

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32.7-3*5 Alexander of Macedon in India

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Accession of Chandragupta, the founder of the Maurya dynasty

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Reign of Ashoka

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c. 250 Third Buddhist Council held at Pataliputra

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185 Termination of Mauryan rule and accession of a Shunga king

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180-165 Indo-Greek rule in the north-west under Demetrius

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c. 166-150 Menander, the best known Indo-Greek ruler

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c. 94 Maues, the Shaka King, in north-western India

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58 Azes I, thought to have founded the Vikrama era

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c. 50 Rise of Satavahana power in the Deccan

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c. 50 Kharavela, King of Kalinga

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C. 5 0 BC-AD 5 0 Peak period of Roman trade with India

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1st century AD Kushana power established

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c. 78 Accession of Kanishka, Kushana King of the north-west Founding of the Shaka era

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c. 125 Gautamiputra and subsequently Vasishthiputra ruling the Satavahana kingdom

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c. 150 Rudradaman, the Shaka Kshatrapa King ruling in western India

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319-20 Accession of Chandra Gupta I, founder of the Gupta dynasty

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335 Accession of Samudragupta

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375-415 Chandra Gupta II

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405 - 1 1 Visit of Fa Hsien

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- 455 Skandagupta, in whose reign the Hunas attack north India

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476 Aryabhatta, the astronomer

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5°5 Varahamihira, the astronomer

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543-66 Pulakeshin I and the rise of the Chalukyas of Badami

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c. 574-6o Rise of the Pallavas of Kanchi under Simhavishnu

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606-47 Harshavardhana, King of Kannauj

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630-643 Hsuan Tsang in India

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600-630 Establishing of Pallava power under Mahendravarman

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609-42 Establishment of Chalukya power under Pulakeshin II Start of rivalry between the Pallavas and Chalukyas

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712 Arab conquest of Sind

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736 Founding of Dhillika - the first city of Delhi

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c. 752 Rashtrakuta victory over the Chalukyas

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c. 770 Pala dynasty founded by Gopala in eastern India

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c. 780 The rise of the Gurjara Pratiharas

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c. 788-820 Shankaracharya

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814-80 Reign of Amoghavarsha, the Rashtrakuta King

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c. 840 Establishing of the Pratiharas under King Bhoja

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c. 907 Parantaka I strengthens Chola power in south India

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973 Chalukyas of Kalyani defeat the Rashtrakutas

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985-1014 Rajaraja I extends Chola power

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1000-1026 Raids of Mahmud of Ghazni into north-western India

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1023 Northern campaign of Rajendra Chola

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1025 Naval campaign of the Cholas

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1030 Alberuni in India

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c. 1075 Ramanuja

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1077-1147 Establishment of the Ganga kingdom

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1077 Embassy of Chola merchants to China

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1077-1120 Ramapala re-enforces the Pala kingdom

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IIIO Rise of Vishnuvardhana and Hoysala power

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1144-71 Kumarapala, the Chaulukya/Solanki King

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1148 Kalhana writes the Rajatarangini

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1192 Prithviraja Chauhan defeated by Muhammad Ghuri at the battle of Tarain

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1206 Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate under Qutb-ud-din Aibak

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C. 1250 Sun temple at Konarak

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1246-79 Rajendra III, the last Chola King

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